A Quarterly Activity Bulletin of The South Carolina Department of Natural
Resources - Southeast Regional Climate Center
The Science House, a learning outreach center of the College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences at North Carolina State University, in Raleigh, North Carolina, has recently added several programs in Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences. EARTHCYCLE is a traveling science show offering a variety of presentations on geology, meteorology, oceanography, marine biology and ecology for K-12 students. Home-schooled students in the area are eagerly registering for Science Flare, hands-on science classes taught at The Science House during the day. Courses currently offered are "What a Thrill to Have a Gill", "Rain or Shine?", "Mudpies Galore!", and "Runaway Rivers". Teacher workshops provide educators with new knowledge and ready-to-use classroom ideas to increase their students' enthusiasm about science.
Four other programs at The Science House include: Physics and Chemistry On the Road; Imhotep, a precollege program for African American 6-12th graders; Team Science; and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) Precollege Science Program, rural schools outreach programs emphasizing technology in the classroom. The Scibrary is a resource room at The Science House which offers hands-on activity books, instructional kits, software, magazines and other educational materials for educators use. A primary goal of The Science House is to provide a model for the interaction between a research university and school systems in providing quality science education for our children. For more information, please contact:
NCSU Box 8211
B51 Nelson Hall
Raleigh, NC 27695-8211
Phone: (919) 515-6118
FAX: (919) 515-7545
1995 Hurricane Season Activity
The 1995 Tropical Season was the second most active in the North Atlantic since the beginning of comparable records (1871). Nineteen named tropical cyclones formed in 1995. This season came close to tying the record season, 1933, when 21 cyclones developed. The 1995 Tropical Season began on June 3 when Hurricane Allison developed in the western Caribbean. The last storm of the season was Hurricane Tanya which dissipated on November 2 over the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Since tropical weather can affect so many lives, it is important to study tropical cyclones. This activity will make students aware of the naming of tropical storms, intensity of the tropical storms, and the relationship between wind speed and pressure in tropical storms.
1. When does a tropical cyclone become named?
2. Can tropical activity originate at the equator? Why or why not?
3. What is the name of the scale used to indicate the intensity of hurricanes? Identify the scale and find out the basis of it.
USE TABLE 1 TO ANSWER QUESTIONS 4 - 6.
4. Plot the path of Hurricane Opal on the Tracking Chart. Click here to download a copy of a hurricane tracking chart.
5. How long did Opal maintain Hurricane strength?
6. Fill in the graph of wind speed vs. pressure. Then answer the following questions.
150 Wind Speed 120 (MPH) 90 60 30 916 936 956 976 996 1016 Pressure (Millibars)
TABLE 1 Hurricane Opal Adv Date/Time Lat Lon Pres Wind 1. SEP27/21UTC 19.3N 87.3W 1005MB 30MPH Adv = Advisory Number 2. SEP28/03UTC 19.5N 87.6W 1005MB 30MPH Date = Date advisory issued 3. SEP28/09UTC 19.7N 88.2W 1005MB 30MPH Time = Time advisory issued 4. SEP28/15UTC 20.3N 88.5W 1005MB 30MPH Lat = Latitude 5. SEP28/21UTC 19.5N 88.5W 1004MB 30MPH Lon = Longitude 6. SEP29/03UTC 19.5N 88.5W 1004MB 30MPH Pres = Pressure 7. SEP29/09UTC 19.7N 88.7W 1002MB 30MPH Wind = Wind Speed 8. SEP29/15UTC 19.5N 88.5W 1002MB 30MPH 9. SEP29/21UTC 20.2N 88.0W 1000MB 35MPH 10. SEP30/03UTC 20.5N 88.1W 1000MB 35MPH 11. SEP30/09UTC 21.1N 88.3W 1000MB 35MPH 12. SEP30/15UTC 21.8N 88.5W 999MB 45MPH TS Opal 12a. SEP30/18UTC 21.8N 89.2W 999MB 45MPH 13. SEP30/21UTC 21.8N 89.6W 997MB 50MPH 13a. OCT01/00UTC 21.4N 89.8W 997MB 50MPH 14. OCT01/03UTC 21.4N 90.0W 997MB 50MPH 14a. OCT01/06UTC 21.3N 90.6W 996MB 50MPH 15. OCT01/09UTC 21.2N 91.1W 987MB 60MPH 15a. OCT01/12UTC 21.0N 91.4W 986MB 60MPH 16. OCT01/15UTC 20.9N 91.6W 986MB 50MPH 16a OCT01/18UTC 20.8N 91.7W 993MB 50MPH 17. OCT01/21UTC 20.7N 91.7W 989MB 50MPH 17a. OCT02/00UTC 20.7N 91.9W 984MB 65MPH 18. OCT02/03UTC 20.8N 92.1W 984MB 65MPH 18a. OCT02/06UTC 20.9N 92.0W 980MB 65MPH 19. OCT02/09UTC 20.9N 92.4W 982MB 65MPH 19a. OCT02/12UTC 21.1N 92.5W 973MB 75MPH Hurricane 20. OCT02/15UTC 21.0N 92.5W 973MB 75MPH 20a. OCT02/18UTC 21.1N 92.4W 973MB 75MPH 21. OCT02/21UTC 21.3N 92.3W 971MB 80MPH 21a. OCT03/00UTC 21.7N 92.2W 970MB 80MPH 22. OCT03/03UTC 22.0N 92.2W 970MB 80MPH 22a. OCT03/06UTC 22.2N 92.2W 972MB 80MPH 23. OCT03/09UTC 22.5N 92.1W 968MB 80MPH 23a. OCT03/12UTC 22.7N 91.8W 969MB 80MPH 24. OCT03/15UTC 23.1N 91.4W 969MB 90MPH 24a. OCT03/18UTC 23.4N 91.0W 967MB 90MPH 25. OCT03/21UTC 23.9N 90.6W 963MB 100MPH 25a. OCT04/00UTC 24.5N 90.1W 957MB 100MPH 26. OCT04/03UTC 25.3N 89.5W 948MB 115MPH 26a. OCT04/06UTC 25.8N 89.5W 939MB 115MPH 27. OCT04/09UTC 26.4N 89.2W 933MB 120MPH 27a. OCT04/11UTC 27.0N 88.7W 916MB 135MPH 27b. OCT04/13UTC 27.6N 88.4W 921MB 150MPH 28. OCT04/15UTC 28.1N 88.2W 927MB 150MPH 28a. OCT04/17UTC 28.6N 87.9W 934MB 135MPH 28b. OCT04/19UTC 29.2N 87.8W 940MB 125MPH 29. OCT04/21UTC 29.8N 87.3W 940MB 125MPH 29a. OCT04/23UTC 30.6N 87.0W 940MB 125MPH 29b. OCT05/01UTC 31.3N 86.7W 960MB 100MPH 30. OCT05/03UTC 31.9N 86.2W 970MB 85MPH 30a. OCT05/05UTC 32.5N 86.5W 970MB 75MPH 31. OCT05/09UTC 34.7N 85.8W 975MB 40MPH Tropical Storm 32. OCT05/15UTC 36.7N 84.6W 982MB 35MPH DepressionUSE TABLE 2 TO ANSWER QUESTIONS 7 - 9.
7. Make a bar graph of the maximum recorded winds (in knots) using all 1995 tropical cyclones.
8. Make a bar graph of the lowest recorded pressures (in millibars) using all 1995 tropical cyclones.
9. Discuss at least four hurricanes with the highest recorded wind speeds. Discuss at least four hurricanes with the lowest recorded pressures. Are you discussing the same storms? Why?
Note: The use of graph-reading skills and map-reading skills are practiced using this activity. Teachers should share this activity with geography teachers, math teachers and media specialists who might like to use this activity, too.
Southern AER is a quarterly publication of the Southeast Regional Climate Center. Funding is provided by a grant from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Weather and Climate Resources for the Classroom
Several fact sheets on drought, floods, and acid rain can be obtained by writing to: National Water Information Clearinghouse, U.S. Geological Survey, 423 National Center Reston, VA 22092. Free fact sheets for the classroom can be obtained from Milli Butterworth/Louise Carroll,NCAR Educational and Outreach Programs, National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307-3000, telephone (303) 497-8601/8611.
The Impact of Climate Change on South Carolina is a publication that describes the climate of South Carolina, the factors that control the climate, and what effects a change in the climate would have on the state. To obtain a copy, please write to: South Carolina State Climate Office, 1201 Main Street, Suite 1100, Columbia, SC 29201, or call (803) 737-0800.
Geoscience Resources contains many weather and climate resources for teachers. Two very common items for educators are the Atmospheric Transparency Manual (catalog #71-5260 - cost $120) and the Atmospheric Wall Chart (catalog #71-5250 - cost $17.95). To obtain ordering information, write to: Geoscience Resources, P.O. Box 2096, Burlington, NC, 27216, or call 1-800-742-2677.
HOW THE WEATHERWORKS is a company dedicated to providing weather services to K-12 educators. The 1995 catalog from HOW THE WEATHERWORKS is available to teachers. This is an excellent source for weather related materials for the classroom. To obtain a copy of the catalog write to: HOW THE WEATHERWORKS, 1522 Baylor Avenue, Rockville, Maryland, 20850, or call 1-800-8CLOUD9, or e-mail FOURCLOUDS@AOL.COM.
The Southeast Regional Climate Center is the home of CIRRUS, the Climate Interactive Rapid Retrieval Users System. CIRRUS is an educational medium that provides economically and environmentally important climatic information in a timely and easy to access manner. The system gives students the opportunity to observe and analyze daily weather where they live and enhance their knowledge of their local environment. CIRRUS is accessible through modem or Internet. Educational users can have unlimited access for one year for $25. To obtain subscription information or other information please contact the Southeast Regional Climate Center at (803) 737-0849.
Southern AERA Meeting in Atlanta
We are excited about The American Meteorological Society's Annual Meeting, January 28 thorugh February 2, 1996 in Atlanta. Pat Warthan , GA AERA, and the SERCC have been busy getting things ready for the Southern AERA meeting, concurrent with the AMS meeting. The Southern AERA meeting has been scheduled for Saturday, January 27, 1996. The meeting room will be available to attendees from 3:00 p.m. until 6:00 p.m. Afterwards those interested may eat together at a nearby restaurant. The purpose of the meeting is to present what projects are currently underway, discuss some new projects that could be beneficial, share resources with other teachers, and learn about new sources of data retrieval. We hope to see you there!
Permission is granted for the reproduction of materials contained is this publication.
Southeast Regional Climate Center
S.C. Department of Natural Resources
1201 Main Street, Suite 1100
Columbia, South Carolina 29201
The South Carolina Department of Natural Resources prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, disability, religion, or age. Direct all inquiries to the Office of Human Resources, P.O. Box 167, Columbia, SC 29202.